Valles Mines, Missouri, U S A
Founded in 1749 by Francois Valle years before he became Commandante of the Fort of Sainte Genevieve and The King of Spain made him Don Francois Valle for saving their Fort San Carlos (now St. Louis).
270 years later as The Valle Mining Company, his 4000+ acre property every year absorbs 21,000 tons of carbon dioxide and puts out 14,000 tons of oxygen, enough to meet the needs of 63,000 people. [USDA Forest Facts]
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The Military Museum


World War II

Witness of The Holocaust,

includes pictures shot by Mina Cohan, a 17-year-old Red Cross volunteer from Philadelphia who stole her older sister's birth certificate "to join the Red Cross and serve coffee and donuts to our boys, and, Brother, did we ever", but who later in England was faced with going back home [she was a volunteer] or landing on Normandy Beach. She chose Normandy Beach and landed on D-Day+4.

Medal Of Freedom 11 July 1944 - 6 September 1945. While tending to the wounded in a field hospital at the front lines of "Patton's 3rd Army", she found herself caught in the Battle Of The Bulge, aka, the Nazi's last counteroffensive on the Western Front. Nazi orders read "Take No Prisoners". In the 'fog of war' chaos ruled and this battle was not looking good for the Allies (she estimated in her field hospital 1200 men died in her arms. 40,000+ on each side were killed in the offensive to push back the Allies). The Geneva Convention exempted the noncombatant Red Cross from harm theoretically so like any teenager Mina volunteered to drive her Jeep to the front until she got captured so the Allies would know where the Nazi' lines had reached. She got captured twice. After assaults and interrogations she fortunately was released and got back to her own lines. For this she was awarded the Medal of Freedom after the War.

The museum exhibit includes her own snapshots and Signal Corp photos from her duty assignment (Apr. 1945) to feed LifeSavers to "the Living Dead" as the survivors of Dachau came to be called after the Allies liberated the prison camp. It is hard to believe that people still try to deny the Holocaust ever happened but she was there, a long way from her Quaker School in Philadelphia.

"When we arrived the furnaces were still burning".

[Of historical note, see "Black Panthers in the Snow: The 761st Tank Battalion at the Battle of the Bulge".] Despite her PTSD from WW II, Mina served as president of the Valle Mining Company from 1983 until her death in 1987. Her Superintendent of Lands: Dale D. Frazier, who served as a tanker with Patton as well in the Battle of the Bulge.

If you ever see the movie "Patton" you might remember Patton ordering the chaplain to write a 'weather prayer' that would get the clouds to clear so the Allies could get their air support in against the superior Nazi tanks. It took 5 US tanks firing at once to kill one Nazi Panther tank. Our tanks' shell literally bounced off their armor. Just as an aside, that chaplain who wrote the weather prayer married Mina and Colonel Harrison (see below) after the war.

Click for Map of concentration camps.

Edward R. Murrow radio broadcast from Buchenwald (MP3 audio only)



Drawing By Virginia M. Schlueter

Vietnam Era

The 102nd Infantry Division, "The Ozark Division" and its fate at the hands of Defense Secretary McNamara during the John F. Kennedy presidency.

Civil War

Exhibit: A Civil War battle site. [For past Reenactments see our Celebrations and Festivals page]. During the Civil War, before the legendary Double Tornado sucked the roof off of the original building of store-forge-stable, Confederate Bushwacker Sam Hildebrand and his men shot it out with Federal troops here. Currently [the 1900's] rebuilt as a General Store, its 200 year old hand-hewn timber framing inside can be seen overhead as you walk in the General Store.